Frequently Asked Questions on (COVID-19)
Gloria Dominic Health Service Executive
Anchor HMO International
What is a pandemic?
The World Health Organization defines a pandemic as the worldwide spread of a new disease. This usually happens when an endemic disease (a new disease that has maintained a baseline presence in a specified geographic area) spreads across multiple countries and continents.
What causes pandemics?
In the vast majority of instances, these diseases are caused by viruses to which humans have not developed immunity to. The mobile nature of the 21st century world ensures that pandemics can be spread easier and faster through travel hubs.
What is the Covid- 19?
The Covid- 19 disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered type of Corona virus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
How is the virus spread?
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
What are the symptoms?
- Persistent dry cough
- Shortness of breath
What should I do if I come in contact with a person with COVID -19?
The first thing you should do when you come in contact with an infected person is to self-isolate. This means you should minimize physical contact with everyone and stay indoors. The self-isolation period usually lasts 14 days. If you notice any symptoms during your self-isolation, call the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control Hotline on 080097000010.You can look up on the NCDC’s guide to self-isolation here.
How do I stay safe?
- Avoid public places and stay at home if possible
- Always wash your hands with soap and water or use alcohol based sanitizers if soap and running water isn’t easily accessible
- Maintain good social distancing, leaving a space of at least two meters between you and the next person in a public area
- Maintain good respiratory etiquette, sneeze into your elbow and not your hands
- Avoid shaking hands when greeting or exchanging pleasantries.
What is your advice to the public?
- Remain calm and obey all government instructions on managing the pandemic
- Only get your news from reputable sources. Avoid spreading unverified news through WhatsApp or other social media platforms.
- Maintain good hygiene
- Do not lose hope, this too , shall pass
PHOTOCREDIT(THUMB NAIL IMAGE) explorica.com